Top 10 Natural Air Purifying Plants for your Home in 2020

Rising Indoor Pollution and Risks

When we think about air pollution, we think of it as an outdoor problem. We fail to see that the air that we breathe inside our homes is even more polluted. Indoor air pollution kills 4 million people every year. Indoor air pollution refers to the degradation of indoor air quality by harmful chemicals and other materials. It can be worse than outdoor pollution as closed areas allow potential pollutants to build up more as compared to open spaces.  Women and children are affected by this the most as they tend to spend more time at home. Immediate effects include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, headaches, dizziness, and fatigue. Continued exposure to such high levels of polluted air could lead to respiratory diseases, heart disease, and cancer. Burning fuels such as manure, wood, and coal in inefficient stoves or ovens produce various harmful pollutants, including particulate matter (PM), methane, carbon monoxide, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (HAP), and volatile organic compounds (VOC). Burning kerosene in a simple wick lamp also produces large amounts of fine particles and other polluting emissions. There are many ways by which one can ensure improved air quality inside our homes. One of the most cost-effective and eco-friendly ways to do it is to bring in natural air purifier plants in your living space.

Top 10 Plants for Purifying Air at Home

Having air purifying plants for home is a good idea to not only let some fresh and pure air inside but it also adds an aesthetic value to space. Here’s a list of all the best natural air purifier plants using NASA’s Clean Air Study.

1. Peace Lily

Peace lilies are an easy and undemanding plant to look after. This plant prefers low light areas and needs to be watered only once a week. The glossy green leaves and fragrant flowers would make a perfect addition to any room.

Toxins removed: benzene, ammonia, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene and xylene.

2. Devil’s Ivy or Pothos

It is also known as golden pothos. Pothos is an easy to grow indoor plant which is well known for removing many air pollutants effectively. This one also does not need much care and can grow in different conditions. It is advisable to water the plant when the soil gets dry and to trim the tendrils when the plant gets too big. This is one of those air purifying plants for home that will add instant colour to any room with its cascading tendrils and it grows well in water, pots and hanging baskets.

Toxins removed: xylene, benzene and formaldehyde.


3. Bamboo Palms

Bamboo is well known for its height. If taken care of, it may grow up to 4 to 12 feet. It makes a great indoor addition as it is pet-friendly and is one of the natural air purifier plants that loves a good dose of full sunlight. Bamboo has high transpiration capacity which helps in maintaining the humidity of the indoor space.

Toxins removed: formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, xylene and benzene.


4. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is one the most common house plants. Its wound healing, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties are well known. But what most of us do not know is that it is a great air purifier as well. It need not be watered regularly as it prefers dry conditions. Aloe Vera thrives in warm well-lit rooms.

Toxins removed: formaldehyde and benzene.


5. Dracaena

Dracaena comes in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Dracaenas can grow up to 15-foot tall, making them perfect for filling voids and big spaces. They love indirect sunlight but should not be placed in direct sunlight. They need to be watered once a week in the warmer months. But one needs to be careful as too much water can hamper the plant’s growth and can cause root decay. Pet owners should be careful while housing this plant as it is harmful to cats and dogs. 

Toxins removed: benzene, xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde.


6. Snake Plant

Also known as the Mother-in-Law’s Tongue, Snake Plant is a succulent plant that can grow as high as 2 meters. It is a low maintenance plant and has a long life. They should be placed in a spot that is tolerating bright, even direct light for a couple of hours a day. Be sure to not overwater as they thrive in dry conditions.

Toxins removed: benzene, xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde.


7. Ficus/Weeping Fig

Ficus is another one of air-purifying plants for the home which does not require too much maintenance. It can grow up to a height of 2 to 10 feet. Like most other air purifier plants, ficus prefers bright, indirect sunlight and a weekly routine of watering, drying out fully in between.

Toxins removed: formaldehyde and xylene.

8. Spider Plant

Being the easiest house plant to grow indoors, the spider plant is the best choice of first-time plant parents. They thrive in indirect sunlight and survive in just about any condition. 

Toxins removed: formaldehyde and xylene.

9. Boston Fern

Known for its sword-shaped fronds, Boston fern is perfect for either a pedestal or a hanging basket. The plant thrives in humid conditions and requires consistent moisture. Depending on the humidity in your home, it needs to be either misted or watered regularly.

Toxins removed: formaldehyde and xylene.

10. Garden Mum

Also known as Chrysanthemum, garden mum is known to be one of the best natural air purifier plants. They are among the more difficult plants to grow but the payoff is beautiful colorful blooms. They require good airflow, bright indirect sunlight, and watering with warm water only.

Toxins removed: benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, xylene, and ammonia.

Each of the above plants will inject loads of oxygen and clean the toxins out. Now that you know the best air purifying plants in India and what each of them does and needs, go ahead and get yourself as many as you like. Keep in mind that there is only one rule here: the more the better

Happy plant parenting!


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